The aim of the thesis titled "Evaluation method of policy instruments for the mitigation of climate change" is the development and implementation of a multi-criteria quantitative evaluation method for the effectiveness of climate policy instruments and for the aggregate policy interaction between any two of these instruments.
The method is addressed to persons, that make decisions regarding the implementation of these instruments, such as governmental managers, policy makers, politicians and policy advisors (decision makers).
The method is the synthesis of three (3) standard multi-criteria decision making methods, the Analytical Hierarchy Process, the Multi-Attribute Utility
Theory and the Simple Multi-Attribute Ranking Technique method. The first is used for the determination of the weight coefficient values for criteria/sub-criteria based on the preferences of three (3) groups that are actively involved in climate policy issues (governmental entities, researchers and target groups). The other two methods are used for the grading of the performance of the evaluated policy instrument under a specific criterion/sub-criterion. The set of criteria/sub-criteria describes the complicated framework that decision makers take into account. Consistency tests for the values of the weight coefficients and robustness tests for the method were performed.
The functionality of the method was checked through two applications for evaluating:
III. the aggregate performance of the European Emission Trading Scheme for Greenhouse Gases (EETSGHG) in eight (8) countries (Denmark, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Sweden and United kingdom) and
IV. the interaction between two (2) pairs of policy instruments (Directive for Integrated Prevention of Pollution and Control (IPCC) and EETSGHG, and EETSGHG and the Hellenic legislative framework for the promotion of Renewable Energy Sources). The two cases of interaction were examined for the Hellenic Climate Policy.
SUBJECT AREA: Energy Policy
KEYWORDS: Evaluation, Multi-criteria method, criteria, Climate Policy